raw materials

Our collection of natural and synthetic perfume ingredients.

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Essential Oils (Eo)

Extracted from natural materials through steam distillation or cold press resulting in an oil or essence.

Absolutes (Ab)

Obtained from natural materials through alcohol extraction. Absolutes are essentially highly concentrated essential oils.

CO2

Supercritical CO2 extraction is a recent invention that uses carbon dioxide in its liquid state to produce an absolute that can retain the original odor of the natural material.

Aroma Molecules (Am)

Molecules that are synthesized in a lab. Some have unique scents that do not occur in nature, and others resemble natural odors that are not available as natural extracts for various technical and economic reasons.

Accords (Ac)

An accord is a combination of natural and/or synthetic materials that resemble a specific scent.

Top Notes

Oils with lighter molecules that evaporate the fastest, so when smelling a fragrance you smell them first. They're the first impression of a fragrance, but they don't linger for long giving way to the heart and base notes.

Heart Notes

Heart notes follow the top notes and add character to the base notes. Most floral raw materials are heart notes, as well as many spicy raw materials.

Base Notes

Base notes evaporate the slowest, have the longest staying power and thus determine much of the character of a fragrance. Though top notes are responsible for the first impression, base notes last for hours on end. Woody, sweet, and balsamic raw materials are usually base notes.

Amber

The raw materials in the amber family are sweet, sensuous, and warm.

Aromatic/Herbal

The raw materials in the aromatic-herbal family are vibrant, energetic, fresh and commonly used in men's fragrances.

Balsamic

The raw materials in the balsamic family are sweet and woody. They are often combined with amber/oriental notes.

Citrus

The raw materials in the citrus family are fresh, sparkling and uplifting. They are often used in colognes and eaux fraiches.

Floral

The raw materials in the floral family are sweet and varied by the natural scent of each flower.

Fruity

The raw materials in the fruity family are very popular today and often created synthetically.

Green

The raw materials in the green family are natural, fresh and youthful.

Musk

The raw materials in the musk family are mostly synthetic today. They impart warmth, diffusion and staying power.

Spicy

The raw materials in the spicy family give warmth, body and character to a fragrance.

Sweet

The raw materials in the sweet family are popular today in gourmand fragrances.

Woody

The raw materials in the wood family are rich and powerful.

amber

amber

amber

smoky, leathery, woody, dry, deep

anise

anise

aromatic/herbal

black licorice, anised, sweet, spicy, fresh, green

benzoin

benzoin

balsamic

sweet, vanilla-like, warm, caramel, resinous

bergamot

bergamot

citrus

fresh, lavender, floral, herbal, citrus, pepper, tea

black pepper

black pepper

spicy

spicy, pungent, fresh, dry, woody, dusty, bit warm

cardamom

cardamom

spicy

spicy, sweet, refreshing, lemony/citrus, woody

carrot seed

carrot seed

aromatic/herbal

fresh, woody, earthy, violet, iris, slightly sweet

cassis

cassis

fruity

black currant, very strong, green, fruity, floral

cedarwood

cedarwood

woody

woody, mossy, balsamic

cinnamon

cinnamon

spicy

fresh ground cinnamon, woody, vanilla, warm, peppered, dusty

cistus

cistus

amber

warm, woody, deep, herbaceous, lemony

clary sage

clary sage

aromatic/herbal

herbaceous, amber, floral, musky

clove

clove

spicy

warm, clove, spicy/sweet, woody, dusty, fruity

coconut

coconut

sweet

sweet, creamy, coconut, fatty

dewfruit

dewfruit

fruity

exotic fruit, lychee, raspberry, bit herbal green

frankincense

frankincense

amber

peppery, citrus, woody, balsamic, sweet-licorice tones

galbanum

galbanum

green

green, leaf-like, bitter, woody, green peas, resinous

geranium

geranium

floral

fresh, green, herbal, rosy, sweet, minty

ginger

ginger

spicy

warm, fresh, peppery, earthy, lemony, light

guaiac wood

guaiac wood

woody

balsamic, honeyed-sweet, smoky, tar-like, earthy

hay

hay

amber

rich sweet, freshly cut hay, herbaceous, musky, earthy, dried fig

jasmine

jasmine

floral

sweet, floral, intense, green top, fruity-banana, honey-like, animalic

labdanum

labdanum

amber

full-bodied, warm, amber-like, deep

lavender

lavender

aromatic/herbal

herbaceous, floral, soft, sweet, bit woody

leather

leather

leather

leather, woody, powerful, elegant, tobacco-like

lemon

lemon

citrus

fresh, acidic, tangy, zest, lemon-peel, oily, green

lilac

lilac

floral

sweet, floral, powdery, almond, green

linden blossom

linden blossom

floral

honeyed floral, sweet, fresh, green, lily of the valley

mandarin

mandarin

citrus

sweet, juicy, candied fruit, tangy

musk

musk

musk

elegant, sweet musk, soft, delicately animalic

myrrh

myrrh

amber

subtle, warm, buttery, earthy, mushroom, bit black licorice

neroli

neroli

floral

soft, sweet, delicate white floral, lightly citrus & green

oakmoss

oakmoss

woody

mossy, damp earth, smoky, leathery, woody, mushroom

orange

orange

citrus

orange peel, fresh, sweet, tangy

orange flower

orange flower

floral

warm, rich and powerful, sweet, powdery, honey, animal

osmanthus

osmanthus

floral

honey, complex, fruity floral, apricot, exotic, rich

patchouli

patchouli

woody

earthy, musky, dry, green, mossy, balsamic

peach

peach

fruity

peach, sweet, soft, elegant, creamy

pear

pear

fruity

fruity, green, pear, transparent

petit grain

petit grain

citrus

fresh, citrus, green, slightly floral, bitter, woody

pink pepper

pink pepper

spicy

dry, warm, spicy, hints of angelica and juniper, rosy

rose

rose

floral

warm, sweet, soft, spicy undertones

sandalwood

sandalwood

woody

creamy, milky, bit almond, fatty, smooth

spearmint

spearmint

aromatic/herbal

sweet, fresh, cool, spearmint

strawberry

strawberry

fruity

sweet, strawberry, red-fruit, candy-like

tea

tea

floral

floral, citrus, tea, soft

thyme

thyme

aromatic/herbal

fresh, sweet, strongly herbal, medicinal, light petroleum, smoke

tonka bean

tonka bean

sweet

coumarin, sweet, almond, vanilla, cloves, caramel

tuberose

tuberose

floral

sweet, creamy, rich, powerful, fruity, slightly animal

vanilla

vanilla

sweet

rich, sweet, strong, flowery vanilla

vetiver

vetiver

woody

earthy, dry, smokey, root-like, balsamic

violet leaf

violet leaf

green

green, cut grass, earthy, cucumber, herbaceous, bit floral

ylang ylang

ylang ylang

floral

rich, sweet, jasmine-like, spicy, wintergreen, banana, narcotic

Raw Materials


Raw materials are individual ingredients that make up a fragrance formula. There are two types of raw materials used in fragrance: natural and synthetic. Our collection contains a variety of natural and synthetic ingredients sourced from all over the world. We’re constantly testing and seeking out new raw materials in order to provide the highest-quality ingredients.

Natural


Natural raw materials are derived from plant materials. Various methods are used to extract and concentrate the fragrant parts of plant materials. Depending on the method of extraction, the resulting raw material will be an essential oil, absolute, or CO2 extract.

Synthetic


Synthetic raw materials are created through chemical synthesis. These materials allow perfumers to expand their palettes, reinvent naturally occurring smells and create entirely new smells. Some synthetic molecules, known as natural or nature-identical molecules, occur in nature. Others, known as aroma molecules, are novel molecules that have a unique scent.

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